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2017年國家憲法日宣傳資料(二)

發布者:發布時間:2017-12-20 瀏覽次數:6217次

YI、SHENMESHIXIANFA?

XIANFASHIGUOJIADEGENBENDAFA,TAGUIDINGLEGUOJIADEGENBENZHIDUHEGENBENRENWU,SHIRENMENXINGWEIDEJIBENFALVZHUNZE。XIANFAZUOWEIGUOJIADEGENBENFA,TASHIQITAFALV、FAGUILAIYICHANSHENG、CUNZAI、FAZHANHEBIANGENGDEJICHUHEQIANTITIAOJIAN,TACHUYUYIGEGUOJIADULI、WANZHENGHEXITONGDEFALVTIXIDEHEXIN,SHIYIGEGUOJIAFALVZHIDUDEJISHI。1982NIAN12YUE4RI,DIWUJIEQUANGUORENDADIWUCIHUIYITONGGUOLEXIANXINGDE《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOXIANFA》。XIANXINGXIANFASHIDUI1954NIANZHIDINGDEXINZHONGGUODIYIBUXIANFADEJICHENGHEFAZHANGAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,SUIZHUJINGJISHEHUIJINGLIGUANGFANERSHENKEDEBIANGE,WOGUOFENBIEZAI1988NIAN、1993NIAN、1999NIAN、2002NIANDUIXIANXINGXIANFAZUOGUOSICIXIUGAI。。

ER、SHENMESHIGUOTI?

GUOTIYICHENGGUOJIAXINGZHI,JIGUOJIADEJIEJIBENZHI,TASHIYOUSHEHUIGEJIEJI,JIECENGZAIGUOJIAZHONGDEDIWEISUOFANYINGCHULAIDEGUOJIADEGENBENSHUXING。

SAN、WOGUODEGUOTISHISHENME?QIBENZHITEZHENGYOUNAXIE?

JIUWOGUOERYAN,XIANXINGXIANFADI1TIAOMINGQUEGUIDINGLEWOGUODEGUOJIAXINGZHI:“ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUODEGENBENZHIDUSHISHEHUIZHUYIZHIDU”。SHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUDEBENZHITEZHENGSHI:ZAIZHENGZHISHANGSHIXINGGONGRENJIEJIWEILINGDAO、GONGNONGLIANMENGWEIJICHUDERENMINMINZHUZHUANZHENG;ZAIJINGJISHANGSHIYIGONGYOUZHIWEIZHUTI、DUOZHONGSUOYOUZHIJINGJIGONGTONGFAZHAN,YIANLAOFENPEIWEIZHUTI、DUOZHONGFENPEIFANGSHIBINGCUN;ZAIJINGSHENWENMINGSHANGSHISHEHUIZHUYIJINGSHENWENMING。

SI、ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAODEDUODANGHEZUOZHIDUDEJIBENYUANZEYOUNAXIE?

ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAODEDUODANGHEZUOZHIDUSHIWOGUODEYIXIANGJIBENZHENGZHIZHIDU,QIJIBENYUANZEYOU:

(YI)ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGSHIWOGUOSHEHUIZHUYISHIYEDELINGDAOHEXIN,SHIZHIZHENGDANG;

(ER)GEMINZHUDANGPAISHIAIGUOZHEDEZHENGZHILIANMENG,SHIJIESHOUDANGDELINGDAODE,YUDANGTONGLIHEZUODEQINMIYOUDANG,SHICANZHENGDANG:

(SAN)DUODANGHEZUODEZHENGZHIJICHUSHIBIXUJIANCHIDANGDELINGDAO,JIANCHISIXIANGJIBENYUANZE;

(SI)DANGDELINGDAOSHIZHENGZHILINGDAO,JIZHENGZHIYUANZE、ZHENGZHIFANGXIANGHEZHONGDAFANGZHENZHENGCEDELINGDAO;

(WU)DUODANGHEZUODEJIBENFANGZHENSHI“CHANGQIGONGCUN、HUXIANGJIANDU、GANDANXIANGZHAO、RONGRUYUGONG”;

(LIU)DUODANGHEZUODEZHUYAONEIRONGSHICANZHENGYIZHENGHEHUXIANGJIANDU;

(QI)YIJIANCHISHEHUIZHUYICHUQIJIEDUANDEJIBENLUXIAN、BAWOGUOJIANSHECHENGWEIFUQIANG、MINZHU、WENMINGDESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAGUOJIAHETONGYIZUGUO、ZHENXINGZHONGHUAWEIGONGCHANDANGHEGEMINZHUDANGPAIDEGONGTONGFENDOUMUBIAO;

(BA)YIXIANFAWEIDUODANGHEZUODEGENBENHUODONGZHUNZE,BINGFUYOUWEIHUXIANFAZUNYAN,BAOZHENGXIANFASHISHIDEZHIZE;

(JIU)ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGHEGEMINZHUDANGPAIGONGTONGFUYOUBAOWEIGUOJIAANQUAN、WEIHUSHEHUIANDINGTUANJIEDEZEREN。

WU、ZHONGGUORENMINZHENGZHIXIESHANGHUIYIDEXINGZHIYOUNAXIE?

(YI)TASHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAODEDUODANGHEZUOHEZHENGZHIXIESHANGDEYIZHONGZHONGYAOZUZHIXINGSHIHEZHONGYAOJIGOU,DANANQIXINGZHIERYAN,TABUSHUYUWOGUODEGUOJIAJIGOUTIXI,BUSHIGUOJIAJIGUAN;

(ER)TASHIWOGUOAIGUOTONGYIZHANXIANDEZUZHI。XIANJIEDUAN,WOGUOYIXINGCHENGZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAODE,YOUQUANTISHEHUIZHUYILAODONGZHE、YONGHUSHEHUIZHUYIDEAIGUOZHEHEYONGHUZUGUOTONGYIDEAIGUOZHEZUCHENGDE,BAOKUOTAIWANTONGBAO、GANGAOTONGBAOHEGUOWAIQIAOBAOZAINEIDEZUIGUANGFANDEAIGUOTONGYIZHANXIAN;

(SAN)TADUIGUOJIADEDAZHENGFANGZHEN、DIFANGZHONGYAOSHIWU、ZHENGCEHEFALVDEGUANCHE、QUNZHONGSHENGHUOHETONGYIZHANXIANDEZHONGDAWENTI,JINXINGZHENGZHIXIESHANGHEMINZHUJIANDU,TABUTONGYUYIBANRENDERENMINTUANTI,ERSHIGEDANGPAI、GERENMINTUANTI、GEJIEDAIBIAORENWUCANZHENGYIZHENGDEZHONGYAOCHANGSUO。

LIU、WOGUOXIANJIEDUANDEJIBENJINGJIZHIDUSHISHENME?

WOGUOMUQIANCHUYUSHEHUIZHUYIDECHUJIJIEDUAN,ZHEYIJIEDUANDEJIBENJINGJIZHIDUJIUSHIYISHENGCHANZILIAOGONGYOUZHIWEIZHUTI、DUOZHONGSUOYOUZHIGONGTONGFAZHAN,TIXIANLAODONGZHEZAISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGZHURENWENGDIWEIHETAMENZHIJIANDEPINGDENG、HUZHUHEZUOGUANXI,SHIXINGYIANLAOFENPEIWEIZHUTI、DUOZHONGFENPEIFANGSHIBINGCUNDEFENPEIZHIDUDEJINGJIZHIDU。

QI、SHENMESHISHEHUIZHUYIGONGYOUZHI?TAZAIWOGUOJINGJIZHIDUZHONGDEDIWEIRUHE?

SHEHUIZHUYIGONGYOUZHIYOUCHENG“SHEHUIZHUYISUOYOUZHI”,SHIZHISHENGCHANZILIAOSHUYUQUANTIRENMINHUOLAODONGZHEJITISUOYOUDEXINGSHI。WOGUOSHEHUIZHUYIGONGYOUZHIZHUYAOBAOKUOGUOYOUJINGJIHEJITIJINGJI,HUANBAOKUOHUNHESUOYOUZHIJINGJIZHONGDEGUOYOUCHENGFENHEJITICHENGFEN。SHEHUIZHUYIGONGYOUZHIJINGJISHIWOGUOJINGJIZHIDUDEJICHUHEZHUTI。

BA、WOGUODEFEIGONGYOUZHIJINGJIYOUNAJIZHONG?TAMENZAIWOGUOJINGJIZHIDUZHONGDEDIWEIRUHE?

XIANJIEDUAN,WOGUOHUANCUNZAIZHUGETIJINGJI、SIYINGJINGJIHE“SANZI”QIYEDENGFEIGONGYOUZHISUOYOUZHIJINGJI。SHEHUIZHUYIGONGYOUZHIJINGJIBINGBUPAICHIQITAFEIZHUTIJINGJIDEHEFACUNZAI,FEIGONGYOUZHIJINGJIYESHISHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。1999NIANJIUJIEQUANGUORENDAERCIHUIYITONGGUODEXIANFAXIUZHENGANZHONGGUIDING:“ZAIFALVGUIDINGFANWEINEIDEGETIJINGJI、SIYINGJINGJIDENGFEIGONGYOUZHIJINGJI,SHISHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。”XIANXINGXIANFADI18TIAOGUIDING:“ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOYUNXUWAIGUODEQIYEHEQITAJINGJIZUZHIHUOGERENYIZHAOZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOFALVDEGUIDINGZAIZHONGGUOTOUZI,TONGZHONGGUODEQIYEHUOQITAJINGJIZUZHIJINXINGGEZHONGXINGSHIDEJINGJIHEZUO”。

JIU、ZAISHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUAN,WOGUOSHIXINGZENYANGDEFENPEIYUANZE?YOUNAXIEFENPEIFANGSHI?

WOGUOSHIXINGANLAOFENPEIWEIZHUTI、DUOZHONGFENPEIFANGSHIBINGCUNDEFENPEIZHIDU。YOUYUCUNZAIDUOZHONGJINGJIXINGSHI,ZAIFENPEIFANGSHISHANGJIUBUKENENGSHIDANYIDE,ERSHIYAOBAANLAOFENPEIHEANSHENGCHANYAOSUFENPEIJIEHEQILAI,JIANCHIXIAOLVYOUXIAN、JIANGUGONGPING。YAOYIFABAOHUHEFASHOURU,YUNXUHEGULIYIBUFENRENTONGGUOCHENGSHILAODONGHEHEFAJINGYINGXIANFUQILAI,YUNXUHEGULIZIBEN、JISHUDENGSHENGCHANYAOSUCANYUSHOUYIFENPEI。

CHUANLAOFENPEIZHEZHONGZHUYAODEFENPEIFANGSHIWAI,HUANYOU:QIYEFAXINGZHAIQUANCHOUJIZIJIN,YOUCIERCHUXIANPINGZHAIQUANQUDEDELIXI;SUIGUFENJINGJIDECHANSHENG,GUFENFENHONGXIANGYINGCHUXIAN;QIYEJINGYINGZHEDESHOURUZHONGBAOKUOBUFENFENGXIANBUCHANG;SIYINGQIYEGUYONGYIDINGSHULIANGDELAODONGLI,HUIGEIQIYEZHUDAILAIBUFENFEILAODONGSHOURU。

SHI、SHENMESHIWUZHIWENMING?SHENMESHIJINGSHENWENMING?LIANGZHEDEGUANXIRUHE?

WUZHIWENMINGSHIZHIRENLEIGAIZAOKEGUANSHIJIEDEWUZHICHENGGUO。TABIAOXIANWEIRENMENWUZHISHENGCHANDEJINBUHEWUZHISHENGHUODEGAISHAN,BAOKUOSHENGCHANGONGJUDEGAIJINHEJISHUJINBU,WUZHICAIFUDEZENGCHANGHERENMENSHENGHUOSHUIPINGDETIGAODENG。

JINGSHENWENMINGSHIZHIRENLEIGAIZAOZHUGUANSHIJIESUOQUDEDEJINGSHENCHENGGUO,TABIAOXIANWEIJIAOYU、KEXUE、WENHUAZHISHIDENGSHIYEDEFADAHERENMENSIXIANG、ZHENGZHI、DAODESHUIPINGDETIGAO。

WUZHIWENMINGHEJINGSHENWENMINGHUWEITIAOJIAN、HUWEIQIANTI。WUZHIWENMINGSHIJINGSHENWENMINGCHANSHENGHEFAZHANDEJICHU,ZUIZHONGJUEDINGZHUJINGSHENWENMINGDEFAZHANCHENGDU;JINGSHENWENMINGSHIWUZHIWENMINGDEFANYING,DUIWUZHIWENMINGDEFAZHANYOUNENGDONGDEFANZUOYONG;ERZHEZONGDEFAZHANZHUANGKUANGSHIXIANGHULIANXI、XIANGHUXIEDIAODE,DANYOUBUWANQUANYIZHI,JINGSHENWENMINGKEXIANGDUIDULIYUWUZHIWENMINGERFAZHAN。

SHIYI、WOGUOSHEHUIZHUYIJINGSHENWENMINGJIANSHEDENEIRONGYOUNAXIE?

SHEHUIZHUYIJINGSHENWENMINGJIANSHEBAOKUOWENHUAJIANSHEHESIXIANGDAODEJIANSHELIANGGEFANGMIAN。

(YI)WENHUAJIANSHEDENEIRONGBAOKUO:FAZHANSHEHUIZHUYIJIAOYUSHIYE、KEXUESHIYE、WEISHENGHETIYUSHIYE、WENXUEYISHUHEQITAWENHUASHIYE。

(ER)SIXIANGDAODEJIANSHEDENEIRONGBAOKUO:PUJILIXIANG、DAODE、WENHUAHEFAZHIJIAOYU,PEIYANG“SIYOU”GONGMIN;TICHANG“WUAI”JIAOYU,SHULIHEFAYANGSHEHUIGONGDE;JINXINGMAKESIZHUYIJIAOYU,FANDUIGEZHONGFUXIUSIXIANG。